Introduction: Abu Musa Island-Abomusa Island (Persian: ابوموسی; Arabic: جزيرة أبو موسى)
Abu Musa is an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf near the Strait of Hormuz. Due to the depth of the sea, oil tankers and big ships have to pass through Abu Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunbs. This makes these islands one of the most strategic points in the Persian Gulf.
According to Iran Daily, it covers an area of 70 square kilometers and includes the islands of Abu Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunbs, Sirri and Faro.
Abu Musa Island covers an area of 12.8 square kilometers. Faro is larger than Abu Musa Island, which is located 222 kilometers from Bandar Abbas, the capital of Hormuzgan province.
Abu Musa island is located 75 kilometers south of Bandar Lengeh.
Of the 14 islands of Hormuzgan, it is the island farthest from the Iranian coast. Its highest point is the 110-meter-high Mount Halva. Abu Musa city is at the center of the island.
The weather in Abu Musa is warm and humid, although, compared to other islands in the Persian Gulf, Abu Musa has a better climate and the most diverse ecosystem. However, it lacks suitable soil and adequate water for farming, making fishing the main occupation of locals. It is one of the main ports for exporting oil from Iran.
The island has the most pristine and transparent waters, and is the habitat of turtles, eels, shrimps, sharks and colorful fish.
A number of other residents of this island make ends meet by hunting high-quality pearls. Its climate is moderate in late fall and early spring.
The island has a wharf and a pond for fishing and military ships to dock, an airport, a water purification plant and welfare facilities such as schools, telecom office and movie theaters for its residents.
The people of the Iranian island of Abu Musa are of the Aryan race, while a few Arab-speaking Iranians also live among them. The residents of this island are devoted to Iran, hardworking, hospitable and devout.
Iran’s sovereignty over the islands of Abu Musa and Greater and Lesser Tunbs dates back to the eras of Ilamid, Medean, Achaemenian, Ashkanid and Sassanid empires.
Upon the entry of European colonialists to this important waterway, the three islands were occupied by Britain in 1908 CE.
However, none of the Iranian administrations accepted this occupation and Iranian sovereignty ruled over the islands of Abu Musa, Greater and Lesser Tunbs.
British forces left the Persian Gulf area in 1971 and Iran fully exercised its sovereignty over its three islands, which belonged to it since times immemorial.
Nature of Hormuzgan
A wildlife habitat, a protected region, a marine national park and an international marshland are situated along the coastlines of Hormuzgan province.
The Faro Protected Zone includes Faro Island, which spans over 26 square kilometers and is situated 45 kilometers from the coastlines of Bandar Lengeh Port. Its highest altitude stands at 142 meters above sea-level.
This region is the habitat of eagles. There are no springs in this region and it is non-residential. It has been designated a protected zone since 1979.
Saraj Protected Zone is situated 160 kilometers from Bandar Lengeh, covering an area of 550 square kilometers. Its wildlife includes goats, ewes, rams, leopards, foxes and jackals, in addition to turtles.
The highest altitude of this region is 700 meters above sea-level. It has been a protected zone as of 2000 CE.
Shidvar Island is located nine kilometers from the coastline and two kilometers from Lavan Island, covering an area of 160 hectares. Its highest altitude is 6 meters above sea-level and is one of the important protected zones for wildlife. It has been overseen by the Department of Environment since 1987.
This island is also non-residential. It is one of the most important habitats for birds, turtles, fish and dolphins in the Persian Gulf
Location: South of Hormozgan province in Persian golf.
Days of trip: (Without plane) 4-5 Days from Tehran to Tehran (Without heavy traffic you need 20 hr driving or plane from Tehran to Bandar Abbas, then by Plane to Abu Musa Island)
Attention: In holidays there is heavy traffic in all roads around Tehran.
Best time to visit: October to May
Daily time visit: No limit
Difficulty level: Easy
Requirements: (Depend on your plan) Guide or GPS track…
Legal permission need: YES
Overall risk: –
Animal risk: No
Lost risk: No
Rescue: Yes, you can call 115
GSM Mobile Antenna: Yes
How to get there:
1- Go to Baihaghi or sout terminal of buses in Tehran (more info), Also you can use air plane or traine.
2- Take a bus ticket to Bandar Abbas (Distance from Tehran to Bandar Abbas is 1518 KM)
3- Take a plane to Abu Musa Island.
Nearest airport: Bandar Abbas airport
Nearest train station: Bandar Abbas station